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State

Panamá

Panamá
  • State Rating: Rate 1Rate 2Rate 3Rate 4Rate 5
  • State Votes: 139Good   Poor
  • Score: 5.03/10
  • Return: 0.40%
  • Views: 3955

About Panamá

HISTORY Panama's history has been shaped by the evolution of the world economy and the ambitions of great powers. The earliest known inhabitants of Panama were the Cuevas and the Coclé tribes, but they were decimated by disease and fighting when the Spanish arrived in the 1500s. Rodrigo de Bastidas, sailing westward from Venezuela in 1501 in search of gold, was the first European to explore the Isthmus of Panama. A year later, Christopher Columbus visited the Isthmus and established a short-lived settlement in the Darien. Vasco Nunez de Balboa's tortuous trek from the Atlantic to the Pacific in 1513 demonstrated that the Isthmus was, indeed, the path between the seas, and Panama quickly became the crossroads and marketplace of Spain's empire in the New World. Gold and silver were brought by ship from South America, hauled across the Isthmus, and loaded aboard ships for Spain. The route became known as the Camino Real, or Royal Road, although it was more commonly known as Camino de Cruces (Road of the Crosses) because of the abundance of gravesites along the way. Panama was part of the Spanish empire for 300 years (1538-1821). From the outset, Panamanian identity was based on a sense of "geographic destiny," and Panamanian fortunes fluctuated with the geopolitical importance of the Isthmus. The colonial experience also spawned Panamanian nationalism as well as a racially complex and highly stratified society, the source of internal conflicts that ran counter to the unifying force of nationalism.

Governor's Message

Geography Area: 78,200 sq. km. (30,193 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than South Carolina. Panama occupies the southeastern end of the isthmus forming the land bridge between North and South America. Cities: Capital--Panama City (1.1 million, metropolitan area). Other cities--Colon (198,551), David (138,241). Terrain: Mountainous (highest elevation Cerro Volcan Baru, 3,475 m.--11,468 ft.); coastline 2,857 km. (1,786 mi.). Climate: Tropical, with average daily rainfall 28 mm. (1 in.) in winter. People Nationality: Noun and adjective--Panamanian(s). Population (July 2009 estimate): 3,360,474. Annual growth rate: 1.503%. Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed African, Amerindian, and European ancestry) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, Caucasian 10%, Amerindian 6%. Origins: 36.5% African, 37.6% indigenous, and 25.9% Caucasian. Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%, other 1%. Languages: Spanish (official); 14% speak English as their native tongue; various indigenous languages. Many Panamanians have a working knowledge of English and many professional college-educated Panamanians in Panama City are bilingual. Education: Years compulsory--primary grades 1-6, or through age 15. Attendance--95% for primary school-age children, 62.2% for secondary. 34.9% for tertiary. Literacy--92.6% overall: urban 94%, rural 62%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)--12.67/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--77.25 yrs. Work force: 1.392 million: Commerce (wholesale and retail)--17.9%; agriculture, cattle, hunting, silviculture--15%; construction--9.8%; industries (manufactures)--18%; transportation, storage, communications--6.9%; private home domestic services--5.8%; public and defense administration--5.6%; hotels and restaurants--5.4%; other community and social activities, teaching--4.9%; real estate activities, business, and rentals--4.8%; social and health services--3.5%; financial intermediation--2.0%. Unemployment (Sept. 2009): 6.6%. Poverty rate: 28.5%. Government Type: Constitutional democracy. Independence: November 3, 1903. Constitution: October 11, 1972; amended 1983 and 1994 and reformed in 2004. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), vice president. (A second vice presidential slot was abolished starting with the 2009 electoral cycle.) Legislative--National Assembly (unicameral; 71 members, reduced from 78 to 71 members for May 2009 elections). Judicial--Supreme Court. Subdivisions: Nine provinces and five (indigenous) territories. Political parties: Panamenista Party (formerly the Arnulfista Party (PA); Democratic Change (CD); National Liberal Republican Movement (MOLIRENA); Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD); Patriotic Union (UP). Suffrage: Universal at 18.

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Panamá News

  • The Panama City News herald...  |  Oct 29, 2011 13:21:25  |  By hamptonbeach
    Herman Cain has become a contender for the Republican nomination for president largely on the strength of his “9-9-9” tax reform plan. It's appealing because it is simple to understand, makes a great campaign sound bite and because it would be a b...  View Full Article
  • Rabies alert issued in Fla....  |  Oct 29, 2011 13:21:25  |  By hamptonbeach
    AP PANAMA CITY, Fla. -- Health officials in Panama City have issued an alert after seven wild animals have tested positive for rabies. The rabies a...  View Full Article
  • West Florida's win streak s...  |  Oct 29, 2011 13:21:25  |  By hamptonbeach
    West Florida High School's Jalen Jones carries the ball Friday in a game against Panama City Beach's Arnold High School. / Ben Twingley/btwingley@p...  View Full Article
  • Inmet says interest in Pana...  |  Oct 29, 2011 13:21:24  |  By hamptonbeach
    TORONTO, Oct 28 (Reuters) - Canadian base metal miner Inmet said on Friday that talks with parties interested in buying a stake in its Cobre Panama...  View Full Article

Comments (4)

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  • solshine Comment By: solshine Date: 2008-03-25 11:31:28
    great asset - well done
    Reply
    Votes:7Good   Poor
  • juhn Comment By: Ratemybum Date: 2008-03-17 11:22:53
    Looking good , feel free to ratemybum any time you like.Brittney Skye.
    Reply
    Votes:7Good   Poor
  • Webloid Comment By: Webloid Date: 2008-02-16 12:09:35
    5 stars for you!  Check out a random Webloid asset :C)
    Reply
    Votes:20Good   Poor
  • Sunny-Days Comment By: sunny-days Date: 2007-07-15 22:52:43
    Another great property for you! A man, a plan, a canal. Panama.
    Reply
    Votes:13Good   Poor

hamptonbeach

  • hamptonbeach
Manchester , Connecticut ,
United States of America
  • User Rating: Rate 1Rate 2Rate 3Rate 4Rate 5
  • User Votes: 5Good   Poor
  • Score: 4.90

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